Transportation plays a major role in this pathway. The movement of goods and raw materials (distribution) to specific locations, on time and in the most efficient and effective process is critical in most industries. More specifically, this includes the shipment of raw materials to the manufacturer and movement of finished products to customers. In addition, transportation consists of the movement of parts to assembly areas as they are assembled.
The term "logistics" encompasses the movement of goods and services. The question businesses face on an ongoing basis, especially in a highly competitive marketplace, is how to move their products efficiently and cost effectively throughout the supply chain, which represents all the members of the distribution chain. The logistics process includes the management of freight, warehousing of materials, inventory management and the packaging of products for storage and shipment.
Individuals can choose different employment options in transportation, distribution or logistics. Career choices range from working at airports, ocean ports, and rail yards, transporting materials between warehouses, or calculating material costs as a cargo services supervisor. Some transportation, distribution or logistics careers provide on‐the‐job training, while other careers require a formal education, including an undergraduate degree.
Employment competition will be strong at the management levels, while those with less education and training will find employment growing faster than normal.