Frequent Use Strategy
This strategy uses questions to prompt student discussion and debate that expands student thinking and challenges ideas. Effective questioning encourages students to evaluate concepts and sources and ask “Why?” and “How?”.
When using Questioning, the teacher will purposefully ask strategic questions to help students clarify their thinking and isolate any confusion they may be experiencing.
Students will develop tolerance for ambiguity, exchange ideas, and develop reasoning skills (inductive/ deductive) through questioning in order to learn.
Questioning is not teacher-centered, a list of close-ended or recall questions, or a checklist of test questions. Questioning is most effective when teachers pose questions that require thought, allow students to answer questions in a variety of ways (verbal, written, through technology, with peers, etc.), and build students’ ability to ask their own probing questions.
- Knight, J. (2013). High-impact instruction. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin. Chapter 6, Effective Questions.
Marzano, R.J. (2017). The new art and science of teaching: More than fifty new instructional strategies for student success. Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree Press. p. 99-100.
The Teacher will…
- purposefully plan and pose questions during teaching and learning that cause students to clarify and expand their thinking.
- consistently provide appropriate wait time and strategically allow silent “think time” before asking for student response.
- use a variety of methods to provide thought-provoking questions and ways for students to respond to one another.
The Students will…
- develop a tolerance for ambiguity, exchange ideas, and develop reasoning skills, through questioning to learn.
- think deeply and strategically, applying knowledge and skills in response to probing questions.
- respond to peers’ thinking through reflection and further questions.
For any questions with this guide or its content, please call Instructional Support at (678) 301-6804.