Frequent Use Strategy
Summarizing ensures students recap knowledge, skills, processes, and sequences of events. This strategy allows students to capture, reflect, and organize their knowledge to build upon, access, and apply their learning.
When using Summarizing, the teacher will explicitly model through think-alouds, written expressions, and nonverbal representations— how they justify their thinking, understanding, and reasoning. The teacher will support students’ use of this strategy by listening, asking probing questions, addressing any related knowledge or experience gaps, and providing frequent and specific feedback to help students refine their ability to summarize. Teachers will provide opportunities for students to summarize throughout the learning process— not solely as an ending event.
Students will engage in summarizing through purposeful observation of teacher modeling and practice that includes speaking, writing, and reflecting upon their understanding. Students will frequently summarize learning in ways that require them to recall, synthesize, and build upon their understanding.
Summarizing is not simply recall, at the end of a lesson, and the product is not the same for all students. Summarizing is most effective when used to help students reflect and communicate their learning, when it is responsive to students’ experiences, and when it is intentionally and purposefully connected to authentic AKS and future learning outcomes.
- Serravallo, J. (2015). The reading strategies book: Your everything guide to developing skilled readers. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. p. 226 (Boxes and Bullets), p.232 (Add Up Facts to Determine Main Ideas), p. 362 (Five-Sentence Summary), p. 42 (Connect the Pages),
- Antonetti, J.V. & Garver, J.R. (2015). 17,000 classroom visits can't be wrong: Strategies that engage students, promote active learning, and boost achievement. Alexandria, VA: ASCD. p. 102-105,
The Teacher will…
The Students will…
- design questions during learning to cause students to make connections, think strategically, and apply skills/content.
- model skill through think alouds during the lesson and include opportunities for students to summarize their learning.
- frequently reflect and communicate learning throughout the learning process.
- use summarizing in a variety of contexts to make sense of problems, make connections, and ask questions.
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