Modeling and Practice
Frequent Use Strategy
The Modeling and Practice strategy is when the teacher explicitly models thinking and application of expected skills, use of academic vocabulary, & specific learning strategies. This strategy is designed to gradually release responsibility to the learner to acquire new knowledge and skills through multiple settings and formats for student practice following the teaching of “how” through explicit direct instruction and intentional modeling.
When facilitating Modeling and Practice, the teacher monitors students’ understanding and progress towards mastery. Teachers are responsive to student learning, as they actively engage in direct instruction, modeling of skills, and student practice. Students interact with their teacher and peers through collaborative instructional conversations.
Modeling and Practice is not simply lecture or demonstration followed by written practice. It is imperative for "showing students how" through explicit instruction, responsive teaching, and ongoing feedback.
- Harvey, S. & Goudvis, A. Strategies that work: Teaching comprehension for engagement, understanding, and building knowledge. New York, NY: Heinemann.
- Marzano, R.J. (2017). The new art and science of teaching: More than fifty new instructional strategies for student success. Bloomington, IN: Solution Tree Press. p. 38-39,
The Teacher will…
The Students will…
- model thinking & application of expected skills, use of academic vocabulary, & specific learning strategies.
- show students “how” through explicit direct instruction.
- give students meaningful tasks to practice concepts & skills (3 times with success before release), first collaboratively, then independently in multiple settings & formats paired with timely feedback.
- guide & formatively assess student progress as they practice, helping students identify & correct misconceptions & errors through actionable specific feedback.
- actively engage in direct instruction, modeling of skills.
- interact with teacher & peers through collaborative instructional conversations.
- engage in multiple opportunities to practice modeled skills, strategies, & application of learning independently, collaboratively, & in teacher-led small groups.
- engage in cognitively complex tasks & texts.
- develop fluency with key processes & skills to further engage in problem-solving, inquiry, & critical thinking.
- develop cognitive & metacognitive thinking skills.
- consolidate learning & develop automaticity of new skills.
In this video, the teacher explicitly models the math concept through a think aloud using manipulatives. The students are then provided time in the teacher-led small group to apply their skills. Additionally, the teacher embeds an opportunity for students to assess their learning.
For any questions with this guide or its content, please call Instructional Support at (678) 301-6804.