5 Steps in the Research Process

  • In “learning how to learn,” students use a five-step research process that enhances media literacy skills.


    Step 1 is Planning…
    Research begins with a question or problem, an interest in a subject, curiosity about “why” or “what if,” an apparent contradiction or discrepancy, or a combination of these. Narrowing the topic and selecting and locating resources are part of this step.


    Step 2 is Drafting…
    Gathering information through observations or resources, the student takes notes and develops citations. Organizing his information, he draws conclusions and summarizes research in a draft.


    Step 3 is Revising…
    The student reviews the document for clarity and purpose, requesting feedback from a peer reviewer or teacher. Using this feedback, the student revises the research project.


    Step 4 is Editing…
    The researcher prepares the final product, using proper grammar, usage, mechanics, and spelling, and documenting resources in the appropriate format.


    Step 5 is Publishing/Presenting…
    The student shares the research project with various audiences, and discusses, evaluates, and reflects on the process and conclusions drawn.