• 3rd Grade -- Language Arts

    A - Reading Literary Text

    • refer to details in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text
    • recount stories by explaining key details in sequential order; determine central messages, lessons, or themes and explain how they are conveyed through key details
    • describe characters in a story (e.g., their traits, motivations, or feelings) and explain how their actions contribute to the sequence of events
    • determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a text, distinguishing literal from figurative language
    • refer to detailed parts of a story, drama, or poem using terms such as chapter, scene, and stanza and describe how each successive part builds on earlier sections
    • compare and contrast the reader's, narrator's, and/or characters' points of view explaining what makes the points of view different or similar
    • explain how specific aspects of a text's illustrations contribute to what is conveyed by the words in a story (e.g., create mood, emphasize aspects of a character or setting)
    • compare and contrast central messages, themes, settings, and plots written by the same author about the same or similar characters (e.g., in books from a series), using key details to explain ideas
    • read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of the grades 2-3 text complexity band independently and proficiently by the end of grade 3

    B - Reading Informational Text

    • refer to details in a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text
    • identify the main idea/central message of a text and explain how key ideas support the main idea/central message, referring to the text; provide a brief summary of the text
    • describe and analyze relationships between a series of historical events, scientific ideas, or steps in technical procedures in a text, using specific language that pertains to time, sequence, and cause/effect
    • determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words and phrases as used in texts relevant to a grade 3 topic/subject area
    • use text features and search tools (e.g., key words, sidebars, hyperlinks) to locate and analyze information relevant to a given topic efficiently
    • distinguish reader's points of view from points of view of authors and explain what makes these points of view different or similar
    • use information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., infographics, charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive elements on web pages) to expand the overall understanding of the text
    • describe how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text providing evidence from the text; describe how an author connects reasons and evidence between particular sentences and paragraphs in texts (e.g., comparison, cause/effect, first/second/third) providing evidence from the text
    • compare and contrast the most important points and key details presented in two texts on the same topic and provide evidence from texts to support the comparisons
    • read and comprehend informational texts at the high end of the grades 2-3 text complexity band independently and proficiently by the end of grade 3

    C - Reading Foundation

    • know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words
    • read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension

    D - Writing

    • write opinion pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons
    • write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly
    • write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events, using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences
    • organize writing appropriate to the type of writing
    • develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, drafting, revising, and editing, with guidance and support from peers and adults
    • use technology to produce and publish writing (using keyboarding skills) as well as to interact and collaborate with others, with guidance and support from adults
    • conduct short research projects that build knowledge about a topic
    • recall information from experiences or gather information from print and digital sources; take brief notes on sources and sort evidence into provided categories
    • write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences
    • expand and elaborate writing appropriate to the type of writing
    • produce writing that reflects the author's voice and perspective

    E - Speaking and Listening

    • engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (e.g., one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 3 topics and texts, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly
    • determine the main ideas and supporting details of a text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally
    • ask and answer questions about information from a speaker, offering appropriate elaboration and detail
    • report on a topic or text, tell a story, or recount an experience with appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details, speaking clearly at an understandable pace
    • create engaging audio recordings of stories or poems that demonstrate fluid reading at an understandable pace; add visual displays when appropriate to emphasize or enhance certain facts or details
    • speak in complete sentences when appropriate to task and situation in order to provide requested detail or clarification

    F - Language

    • demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking
    • demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing
    • use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening
    • determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 3 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies
    • demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships and nuances in word meanings, with guidance and support from adults
    • acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate conversational, general academic, and domain-specific vocabulary, including words and phrases that signal spatial and temporal relationships (e.g., after dinner that night we went looking for them)