• 5th Grade -- Language Arts

    A - Reading Literary Text

    • quote accurately from a text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text
    • determine themes of stories, dramas, or poems by referring to details in texts, including how characters respond to challenges or how narrators reflect upon topics; summarize texts, including the most important details
    • compare and contrast two or more characters, settings, or events in a story or drama, drawing on specific details and inferences from the text (e.g., how characters interact and change)
    • determine the meaning of words and phrases, including figurative and connotative language; describe the impact of the word choice on meaning and tone
    • explain how a series of chapters, scenes, or stanzas fit into the overall structure of a particular story, drama, or poem and describe the effect of structure on meanings of texts
    • describe how a narrator's or speaker's point of view and perspective influence how detailed events are described
    • explain how visual and multimedia elements contribute to meaning, tone, or beauty of texts (e.g., graphic novels, multimedia presentations or fiction, folktales, myths, poems)
    • compare and contrast stories in the same genre (e.g., mysteries, adventure stories) on their approaches to similar themes and topics
    • read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poems, at the high end of the grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently by the end of grade 5

    B - Reading Informational Text

    • quote accurately from the text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text
    • determine the relationship between two or more main ideas/central messages of a text and explain how they are supported by key details, referring to the text; provide an objective summary of the text
    • analyze the relationships or interactions between two or more individuals, events, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text using evidence from the text to support analysis
    • determine the meaning of academic and domain-specific words and phrases in a text relevant to a grade 5 topic/subject area
    • compare and contrast the overall structure of events, ideas, concepts, or information in two or more texts and describe how that structure contributes to the overall meaning of the texts
    • analyze multiple accounts of the same event or topic, noting important similarities and differences in the point of view they represent and use evidence from the texts as support
    • draw on evidence from information in different media formats to make inferences, answer questions quickly, or solve a problem efficiently
    • explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in a text and analyze the strength of the reasons and evidence the author uses to support particular points in a text
    • integrate information from several texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably
    • read and comprehend informational texts at the high end of the grades 4-5 text complexity band independently and proficiently by the end of grade 5

    C - Reading Foundation

    • know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words
    • read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension

    D - Writing

    • write opinion/argumentative pieces on topics or texts, supporting a point of view with reasons and information
    • write informative/explanatory texts to examine a topic and convey ideas and information clearly
    • write narratives to develop real or imagined experiences or events, using effective technique, descriptive details, and clear event sequences
    • produce clear and coherent writing in which the development and organization are appropriate to task, purpose, and audience
    • develop and strengthen writing as needed by planning, drafting, revising, editing, rewriting, or trying a new approach, with guidance and support from peers and adults
    • use technology, including the Internet, to produce and publish writing as well as to interact and collaborate with others; demonstrate sufficient command of keyboarding skills, with some guidance and support from adults
    • conduct short research projects that use several sources to build knowledge through investigation of different aspects of a topic
    • recall relevant information from experiences or gather relevant information from print and digital sources; summarize or paraphrase information in notes and finished work, and provide a list of sources
    • draw evidence from literary or informational texts to support analysis, reflection, and research
    • write routinely over extended time frames (time for research, reflection, and revision) and shorter time frames (a single sitting or a day or two) for a range of discipline-specific tasks, purposes, and audiences
    • expand and elaborate writing appropriate to the type of writing
    • produce writing that reflects the author's voice and perspective

    E - Speaking and Listening

    • engage effectively in a range of collaborative discussions (e.g., one-on-one, in groups, and teacher-led) with diverse partners on grade 5 topics and text, building on others' ideas and expressing their own clearly
    • summarize a written text read aloud or information presented in diverse media and formats, including visually, quantitatively, and orally
    • summarize the points a speaker makes and explain how each claim is supported by reasons and evidence
    • report on a topic or text or present an opinion, sequencing ideas logically and using appropriate facts and relevant, descriptive details to support main ideas or themes; speak clearly at an understandable pace
    • include multimedia components (e.g., graphics, sound) and visual displays in presentations when appropriate to enhance the development of main ideas or themes
    • adapt speech to a variety of contexts and tasks, using formal English when appropriate to task and situation

    F - Language

    • demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English grammar and usage when writing or speaking
    • demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English capitalization, punctuation, and spelling when writing
    • use knowledge of language and its conventions when writing, speaking, reading, or listening
    • determine or clarify the meaning of unknown and multiple-meaning words and phrases based on grade 5 reading and content, choosing flexibly from a range of strategies
    • demonstrate understanding of figurative language, word relationships, and nuances in word meanings
    • acquire and use accurately grade-appropriate general academic and domain- specific words and phrases, vocabulary, including words and phrases that signal contrast, addition, and other logical relationships (e.g., however, although, nevertheless, similarly, moreover, in addition)