• 8th Grade -- Social Studies

    A - Map and Globe Skills

    • use cardinal directions
    • use intermediate directions
    • use a letter/number grid system to determine location
    • compare and contrast the categories of natural, cultural, and political features found on maps
    • use customary and metric map scales to determine distance on a map
    • use map key/legend to acquire information from historical, physical, political, resource, product, and economic maps
    • use a map to explain impact of geography on historical and current events
    • draw conclusions and make generalizations based on information from maps
    • use latitude and longitude to determine location
    • use graphic scales to determine distances on a map
    • compare maps of the same place at different points in time and from different perspectives to determine changes, identify trends, and generalize about human activities
    • compare maps with data sets (e.g., charts, tables, graphs) and/or readings to draw conclusions and make generalizations

    B - Information Processing Skills

    • compare similarities and differences
    • organize items chronologically
    • identify and write about issues and/or problems and alternative solutions
    • distinguish between fact and opinion as used in informational/explanatory text
    • identify main idea, detail, sequence of events, and cause and effect in a social studies context
    • identify and use primary and secondary sources
    • interpret timelines
    • identify social studies reference resources to use for a specific purpose
    • construct charts and tables
    • analyze artifacts
    • write arguments, informative text, and explanatory text that draw conclusions and make generalizations
    • analyze graphs and diagrams
    • translate dates into centuries, eras, or ages
    • formulate appropriate research questions
    • write arguments, informative text, and explanatory text that determine adequacy and/or relevancy of information
    • check for consistency of information
    • interpret political cartoons

    C - Geographic Understandings of Georgia

    • describe Georgia's geography and climate

    D - Native American Cultures and Exploration

    • evaluate the impact of European exploration and settlement on American Indians in Georgia

    E - Georgia’s Colonial History

    • analyze the colonial period of Georgia's history

    F - Georgia and the American Revolution

    • analyze the role of Georgia in the American Revolutionary Era

    G - Westward Expansion

    • explain significant factors that affected westward expansion in Georgia between 1789 and 1840

    H - Antebellum, Civil War and Reconstruction

    • analyze the impact of the Civil War on Georgia
    • analyze the impact of Reconstruction on Georgia

    I - New South

    • evaluate key political, social, and economic changes that occurred in Georgia during the New South Era

    J - World War I and Great Depression

    • analyze Georgia's participation in important events that occurred from World War I through the Great Depression

    K - World War II in Georgia

    • describe the role of Georgia in World War II

    L - Post World War II in Georgia

    • evaluate key post-World War II developments in Georgia

    M - Georgia’s Role in the Civil Rights Movement

    • evaluate the role of Georgia in the modern civil rights movement

    N - Modern Georgia

    • explain the importance of developments in Georgia since the late 20th Century

    O - Governing Georgia

    • describe the foundations of Georgia's government
    • analyze the role of the legislative branch in Georgia in state government
    • analyze the role of the executive branch in Georgia state government
    • analyze the role of the judicial branch in Georgia state government
    • explain how the Georgia court system treats juvenile offenders
    • analyze the role of local governments in the state of Georgia

    P - Economic Understandings

    • explain how the four transportation systems (i.e., road, air, water, and rail) of Georgia contribute to the development and growth of the state's economy
    • evaluate the influence of Georgia-based businesses on the state's economic growth and development
    • explain the principles of effective personal money management