SEL Competencies: Self-Awareness, Self- Management, Social Awareness, Relationship Skills, Responsible Decision Making
Frequent Use Strategy
Summarizing ensures students recap knowledge, skills, processes, and sequences of events. This strategy allows students to capture, reflect, and organize their knowledge to build upon, access, and apply their learning.
When using Summarizing, the teacher will explicitly model through think-alouds, written expressions, and nonverbal representations— how they justify their thinking, understanding, and reasoning. The teacher will support students’ use of this strategy by listening, asking probing questions, addressing any related knowledge or experience gaps, and providing frequent and specific feedback to help students refine their ability to summarize. Teachers will provide opportunities for students to summarize throughout the learning process— not solely as an ending event.
Students will engage in summarizing through purposeful observation of teacher modeling and practice that includes speaking, writing, and reflecting upon their understanding. Students will frequently summarize learning in ways that require them to recall, synthesize, and build upon their understanding.
Summarizing is not simply recall, at the end of a lesson, and the product is not the same for all students. Summarizing is most effective when used to help students reflect and communicate their learning, when it is responsive to students’ experiences, and when it is intentionally and purposefully connected to authentic AKS and future learning outcomes.
Teacher Behaviors for Promoting SEL Competencies
- Develop students’ communication skills to ensure students know how to extend their own thinking and expand on the thinking of their peers. Teach them to listen attentively and pick out the main ideas of what classmates are saying.
- Ask questions that require students to analyze.
- Allow alternative methods for students to demonstrate understanding.
Student Behaviors for Developing SEL Competencies
- Give and receive productive feedback.
- Use different methods to demonstrate learning.
- Serravallo, J. (2015). The reading strategies book: Your everything guide to developing skilled readers. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. p. 226 (Boxes and Bullets), p.232 (Add Up Facts to Determine Main Ideas), p. 362 (Five-Sentence Summary), p. 42 (Connect the Pages),
- Antonetti, J.V. & Garver, J.R. (2015). 17,000 classroom visits can't be wrong: Strategies that engage students, promote active learning, and boost achievement. Alexandria, VA: ASCD. p. 102-105,
For any questions with this guide or its content, please call Instructional Support at (678) 301-6804.